Ayurveda, the ancient ‘science of life’, is a holistic health system comprising diet, yoga, massage, detoxification, herbal remedies, meditation, and lifestyle. Ayurveda is designed to treat the individual holistically; it considers all factors which contribute to our health and wellbeing, be they physical, environmental, emotional or mental.
According to Ayurveda, everything in this universe is composed of five elements. These five elements interchange and morph into that which can be seen, touched, heard, tasted, and smelled. These fundamental elements are Air (Vayu), Space (Akasha), Fire (Agni), Water (Jal), and Earth (Prithivi).
These five elements in turn combine with each other to give rise to three bio-physical forces within the human body, called Tridosha. These are: Vata, Pitta and Kapha.
Composed of air, this energy governs the movements of the body. It also activates the nervous system, creativity, hearing and speech. Uncontrolled Vata leads to worries, cramps, constipation, and insomnia.
This energy governs heat, metabolism and mental discernment. Uncontrolled Pitta leads to anger, ulcers, and thinning hair. Balanced Pitta makes one a clear thinker, and a warm personality.
This energy strengthens the body’s physical structure, increasing durability, vigour and stability. Kapha also governs emotions like attachment and envy, so balancing Kapha leads to calmness and love. Uncontrolled Kapha leads to problems with weight.
The Tridoshas – Vata, Pitta and Kapha – govern all functions of the mind and body. When these three are in balance, the body is healthy; imbalance causes disease.
Ayurveda treatment rebalances these three, thereby rejuvenating the body and bringing harmony between the trinity of body, mind and soul.
During Ayurveda treatments, the first step is to determine an individual's constitution, and the nature of any imbalance they may have. The corresponding treatment returns the individual’s body to a state of healthy balance. The components of treatment are as follows: